these resources link with the fine task 'attractive tablecloths' developed by Charlie Gilderdale for Nrich
initially you could ask students to place 8 crosses on a 4 by 4 grid so that there is a symmetrical pattern for the overall square
students could be asked to produce e.g. three patterns using 8 crosses so that the whole square has just rotational symmetry, order 2 etc.
can they produce a pattern with just two lines of symmetry (i.e. not with rotational symmetry)?
can they produce a pattern just with rotational symmetry, order 4 (i.e. not with any lines of symmetry)?
describe the symmetries of these patterns for the whole 4 by 4 square
describe the symmetries of these patterns for the whole 5 by 5 square
the NRICH tasks develop this work to consider the maximum numbers of colours that can be used for patterns with various symmetries and for squares of different sizes - a clever link to well known sequences
NRICH helpfully provide a set of interactivities for 5 by 5 grids, that can be made whole screen:
one line of symmetry
just rotational symmetry, order 4
two lines of symmetry, rotational symmetry, order 2
two diagonal lines and rotational symmetry, order 2
four lines of symmetry, rotational symmetry, order 4
even sized grids