median
don steward
mathematics teaching 10 ~ 16

Friday, 8 August 2014

golden ratio 1.618033989...
















watch the youtube clip
Golden Section IV by Jo Niemeyer


establish that the lengths indicated are in a 'golden' ratio













 if you fit three identical circles inside a semicircle:



it is not too difficult to show that the ratio of the bigger radius to the smaller one is twice the golden ratio





the golden ratio occurs in various ratios of sides in a pentagon

the golden ratio is 2 cos 36

but the ratio can be deduced algebraically:

 









it is probably helpful to set a = 1



















then, using similar triangles









a quadratic equation can be formed that has the golden ratio as the positive root



students might be interested in checking whether or not the following claim is  statistically reasonable:



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